The Verifiable Credentials for Education Task Force will explore the use of Verifiable Credentials that represent education, employment, and achievement credentials. This will include pursuing data model recommendations that will demonstrate alignment with the VC model, usage guidelines, and best practices.


This effort was anchored in the Digital Credentials Consortium (DCC), consisting of 12 universities, as it sought to collaborate with potential partners, implementers, and the public to further develop use cases and requirements.

The LER Wrapper effort bootstrapped the alignment of existing educational data standards via the LER/VC wrapper. This demonstrated how technology providers could build interoperable tooling at the wrapper/envelope level, staying agnostic to the contents, while enabling discoverability of metadata. The LER provided a base understanding of enabling interoperability/mapping at the content level via enriched linked data that informs the work of this effort.


This effort attempts to bridge the VC ecosystem to the robust work already done in the education and training data standards space, to enable reuse of the great work done by experts in the space. Our main goal is discoverability of educational data standards frameworks, and informing implementers of how to use these in VCs.

Our work will help inform VC-EDU pilots, but will be forwarded as recommendations to relevant educational data standards bodies, representatives of which are active in this group. Educational data standards bodies rely on validation through real world use, which the umbrella of the W3C-CCG can provide.

The scope may include:

  1. Demonstrating how learning, employment, and achievement credentials can be issued as Verifiable Credentials.
  2. Providing guidance to data standards shifting to direct alignment with Verifiable Credentials
  3. How to promote re-use of linked data, contexts, and vocabularies.
  4. Encourage understanding of VCs in education through discussion, documentation, and models
  5. Format: Many existing educational data standards use formats that are not JSON/JSON-LD (example: XML & PDFs). But how widely are these used (and in which use cases)? Do existing ecosystems have strong preferences in favor of continued XML use? (As an RDF graph, we can theoretically support this, but would be a new path)
  6. How to preserve the architectural principles of learner (recipient) control and privacy? i.e. do the existing data standards assume personally identifiable information is present in the credential?
  7. Explore practical ways to use DIDs for integration with existing education and training credentialing processes/systems & other auth methods?
  8. Expand on generally under-explored aspects of Verifiable Credential usage to promote learner agency and privacy, i.e.“terms of use”
  9. Explore lifecycle considerations, specifically around credential recovery
  10. Explore and understand the application of Verifiable Presentation as it relates to asserting a single VC, multiple individual VCs in a VP, and a multi-assertion VC as a VP.

Approaches to Interoperability

Our approaches to interoperability are the following:

Standards Class Approach
VC in Education Standards We aim to be the definitive standard for VCEd - ideally other VCEd standards should be extensions of the VCEd standard.
Credential System Standards We aim to allow for educational & training standards to be semantically interoperable and harmonized with VC standards.
Vocabulary Standards We aim to use existing vocabularies if and when they are suitable for purpose: CTDL,, Europass Code Lists, IMS Global Common Data Model (current: Open Badges, CLR)


The task force will host roughly hour-long weekly calls, at a separate time from the CCG weekly calls, over Jitsi. These minutes and an audio recording of everything said on this call are archived at".

Anyone can participate in these calls. However, all substantive contributors to any CCG Work Items must be members of the CCG with full IPR agreements signed. To become a member, create a W3 account and then use this account to sign in and join the CCG and agree to the W3C Community Contributor License Agreement


The CCG mailing list will serve as the primary communication resource for VC specific implementation questions and all other questions related to the wider credentials community group. This task force will use the VC-EDU mailing list to discuss use cases, data modeling, usage, and best practices for the educational and occupational perspectives.

This task force will report back status during the CCG calls. Meeting minutes and audio recordings will be distributed to the VC-EDU and CCG mailing lists and linked to on the VC-EDU site.

General Work Principles

Work Items Process

Relationships to External Groups & Initiatives

Closely Related CCG Initiatives & Foundational Groups

Education and Training Data Standards Groups

These include, but are not limited to:



This task force will focus on further understanding questions called out above. We’ll capture our findings in the form of Community Reports, which could capture surveys, requirements, use cases, and/or draft specs to be formalized in the appropriate standards group.

The task force’s efforts will be prioritized by specific use cases brought by participants that will involve different content and purposes for education, employment, and achievement credentials, such as: